In nature, water (as energy) is neither formed nor destroyed but is converted from one form to another .
- Only about 1% of global water occurs as liquid freshwater. More than 98% of the freshwater occurs as groundwater, while less than 2% is available in streams and lakes, so the liquid freshwater is a finite and limited resource.
The increasing scarcity of water in the world along with rapid population increase in urban areas gives rise to concern about appropriate water management practices.
With increasing population and economic growth, treatment and safe disposal of wastewater is essential to preserve public health and reduce intolerable levels of environmental degradation. In addition, adequate wastewater management is also required for preventing contamination of water bodies for the purpose of preserving the sources of clean water.
Water scarcity and water pollution are crucial issues in today’s world. One of the ways to reduce the impact of water scarcity and pollution is wastewater reuse.
Why Reuse of Wastewater is required?
To reduce the ever increasing gap of Potable Water Supply and Demand in Urban Cities.
To bring down billing charges of fresh water resulted due to long distance transportation, gradient and high energy costs.
To mitigate conflicts of water resource allocation between the Domestic and Agricultural /Industry.
To reduce groundwater extraction and Increase conservation of water resources.
Make water and sanitation sector sustainable .
Using reclaimed water in place of fresh water for existing uses can free up existing water supply system capacity to cater for new water needs.
This results in savings in the cost of developing new water sources, water transfers, treatment and distribution systems .
It can also result in significant improvements in downstream river water quality.
Environmental benefits of water reuse
Water reuse to meet the world’s water needs.
“Water recycling is a critical element for managing our water resources .
Through water conservation and recycling, we can meet environmental needs and still have sustainable development and a viable economy .
water recycling as “the brightest star” in meeting future water needs in the world.